Perhaps one of the most dreaded phrases in the United States is “IRS Audit.” People sweat over the possibility like over nothing else. But just how likely is an audit? Figures released as part of the IRS Data Book for fiscal year 2005 show that the chances of being audited went up for taxpayers in most categories, but that they’re still not significant.
In fact, out of more than 130 million individual returns filed in 2005, only 1.25 million were subject to audit (42% of these claimed the earned income tax credit). That is .93% of all individual returns. Corporations faced more scrutiny; over 20% of large corporations were audited. But only 1.24% of other corporations filing forms other than 1120S and .30% of S corporations were audited.
MORE AUDIT FUNCTIONS ROUTINE
One reason for the seemingly low rates of audit for most categories is that many review functions are now handled in a more routine manner. For example, the IRS regularly uses a computer-matching program to evaluate whether the available 1099s align with what a taxpayer has reported. Other automated error-checking, such as a screen for the alternative minimum tax, also reduces the number of likely audits.
SEVERAL DIFFERENT WAYS TO AUDIT
When the IRS decides to do an audit, it does not always resort to the old-fashioned, tension-laden meeting with an agent, compliance officer or tax examiner. Increasingly, audits are done by correspondence, with compliance centers requesting additional information from taxpayers until the matter is resolved one way or another. 80% of audits are now handled this way.
AUDIT RATES RISING IN MOST CATEGORIES
Although the chances of an audit remain slim, as noted above, they are rising. However, audits actually declined for farmers and for individuals with total positive income of $100,000 and up. The IRS’s news release for the 2005 Data Book indicates that audits were up 21% in 2005 over 2004 numbers. Some specific figures from the Data Book appear below:
|Taxpayer Category||2005 Audit %||2004 Audit %|
|Individuals w/total positive income of $100,000+||1.19||1.39|
|Individuals filing Schedule C w/ gross receipts of $100,000 +||3.65||1.86|
THE BOTTOM LINE
Is this cause to be alarmed? According to RIA, the leading provider of tax research to industry experts – even those at the IRS – the past year’s uptick in audit rates simply reverses a decade-old downward trend. Even at its height in the 1980’s, the typical audit rate for any given taxpayer category was about 2%.
So, unless you’re running a large corporation or claiming an earned income tax credit, you probably don’t have much to worry about. And, even if your return is selected for examination, the process may not be quite as painful as in the past.
Of course, if you do get an audit notice, consult with an accountant immediately. He or she can help you assemble the information and documentation you need to have the most successful possible outcome. It might even be worthwhile to retain someone (your regular accountant or another qualified professional) to represent you. Finally, if it should come down to it, an experienced accountant can help you make an offer in compromise to reduce your tax liability.